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What Terms and Conditions Do You Need for a New Business in the UK?

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IP Commercialisation

Businesses establish relationships with consumers via T&Cs

But what kinds of things need to be included in terms and conditions? Read on.

Image of some hands and they are sure writing on some documents - perhaps T&Cs

Photo by siriwan arunsiriwattana on Unsplash 

Words by Dr Martin Douglas Hendry


Starting a new business can be an exciting and overwhelming experience. While there are many aspects to consider when setting up a new business, one area that is often overlooked is the importance of having effective terms and conditions in place. Terms and conditions are legal documents that set out the terms of sale or service between a business and its customers.

In the UK, it is essential for businesses to have terms and conditions in place to protect both themselves and their customers. In this blog, we will discuss the key terms and conditions that every UK business should have and provide tips on drafting, reviewing and updating your terms and conditions.



Terms and Conditions for UK Businesses


The following are key terms and conditions that every UK business should have:


Terms and conditions related to the sale of goods and services

This section outlines the terms of sale or service, including pricing, payment terms, and any warranties or guarantees provided by the business.


Payment and invoicing terms and conditions

This section sets out the payment terms, including the payment methods accepted, when payments are due, and what happens if payments are late or not made.


Delivery and shipping terms and conditions

This section outlines the delivery and shipping terms, including the cost, estimated delivery time, and what happens if items are lost or damaged in transit.


Cancellation and returns terms and conditions

This section sets out the conditions for cancelling orders and returning goods, including the timeframe for returns, how refunds are processed, and any restocking fees.


Liability and indemnity terms and conditions

This section outlines the limits of liability for the business, including how much compensation customers can claim for damages, and any indemnity clauses that protect the business against claims.


Intellectual property terms and conditions

This section sets out the intellectual property rights of the business, including trademarks, copyrights, and patents, and how they can be used by others.



Other Considerations for Terms and Conditions


In addition to the above key terms and conditions, there are other considerations that businesses should be aware of when drafting their terms and conditions.


The role of privacy policies and data protection in terms and conditions

Businesses must comply with UK data protection laws, including the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) as present in UK law, and have a privacy policy that outlines how they collect, store, and use customer data.


The importance of being transparent and fair to consumers

Terms and conditions should be written in clear and concise language, and businesses should ensure that customers fully understand what they are agreeing to when making a purchase.


The significance of complying with UK consumer protection laws

Businesses must comply with UK consumer protection laws, including the Consumer Rights Act, which outlines the rights of consumers when purchasing goods or services.



Drafting Your Terms and Conditions


Businesses have several options for creating their terms and conditions, It is recommended to instruct a lawyer to draft them, as using templates and examples to create their own can result in key business activities not being protected by agreement to the terms and conditions. A lawyer will engage with the business to ensure that all legal risks are covered off in the terms and conditions - and that there are no blind spots.

Regardless of the method used, businesses should ensure that their terms and conditions are tailored to their specific industry and customer base and are written in clear and concise language that is easy for customers to understand. Ultimately, each set of terms and conditions should be unique to the business which it covers.



Reviewing and Updating Your Terms and Conditions


Once your terms and conditions are in place, it is important to regularly review and update them to ensure that they remain relevant and effective.

Businesses should review their terms and conditions at least once a year or whenever there are changes to UK laws or regulations that may impact them.

It is also important to notify customers of any changes to the terms and conditions, including providing them with a copy of the updated document





Having effective terms and conditions in place is essential for any UK business. They provide a clear understanding of the terms of sale or service, protect the business and customers, and ensure compliance with UK laws and regulations.

By following the key considerations outlined in this blog, businesses can create terms and conditions that are tailored to their specific needs and customer base, and that provide a positive experience for their customers.

Remember, having well-written terms and conditions is not only good business practice but also helps to establish trust with customers, leading to increased loyalty and repeat business.

If you're unsure about how to draft your terms and conditions or need help updating them, consider seeking legal advice or using online tools and services that provide customized terms and conditions. By taking the time to ensure that your terms and conditions are effective and up-to-date, you can protect your business and provide your customers with a positive experience.


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Look at our other guides that relate to this topic here.

The role IP law in international business

The Role of IP Law in Business Acquisitions and Mergers

The impact of Brexit on UK intellectual property law



Virtuoso Legal is a team of intellectual property specialists based in Leeds and London - operating worldwide. Virtuoso Legal's team of IP experts have successfully tried cases in the IPEC, High Court, Court of Appeals and United Kingdom Supreme Court. In addition, the team assist companies in creating, commercialising and protecting the big ideas that make their business unique. The firm and its professionals are ranked yearly in legal directories such as the Legal 500 and Chambers and Partners, cementing their status as a Top 2% law firm in the world.

DISCLAIMER: The content within this post is for educational purposes only. Virtuoso Legal does not take any responsibility for those that use this information and waives any liability for any resulting effect on your personal or commercial circumstances. If you are experiencing an issue and need advice, we strongly encourage you to contact a solicitor to identify your best course of action.

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